borgo medievale degli opifici centro rafting mulino carlani chiesa di san lorenzo monastero di san benedetto cappella della madonna monastero di san benedetto chiesa superiore monastero di santa scolastica chiostro cosmatesco monastero di santa scolastica chiostro gotico ponte medievale di san francesco la rocca dei borgia sala dei banchetti la rocca dei borgia sala della commenda la rocca dei borgia vista dell'orologio

Borgo Medievale degli Opifici.

Mulino Carlani - Centro rafting.

Chiesa di San Lorenzo.

Monastero di San Benedetto
Cappella della Madonna.

Monastero di San Benedetto
La Chiesa Superiore.

Monastero di Santa Scolastica
Il Chiostro Cosmatesco.

Monastero di Santa Scolastica
Il Chiostro Gotico.

Ponte Medievale di San Francesco.

Rocca dei Borgia
Sala dei Banchetti.

Rocca dei Borgia
Sala della Commenda.

Rocca dei Borgia
Il Giardino dell'Orologio.

History

The area was inhabited by the Aequi and the Latins, and became a popular retreat for the Romans, as the remains of the Imperial Villa built by order of Nero demonstrate. On the remains of Nero's villa, Saint Benedict of Norcia built one of the twelve monasteries of the area in the 5th century AD. All twelve monasteries, except Saint Scholastica, were later destroyed by the Saracens. The history of Subiaco is also linked with the history of printing: in 1465, two German printers opened Italy's first printing workshop in the monastery.

When the estate passed under the domination of the Colonna, the medieval hamlet gradually grew larger. The area where now Subiaco is located was then governed by the Borghese, the Borgia and the Barberini. After the fall of the Papal State, the city became part of the Kingdom of Italy.

In the 20th century, the city was severely hit by the events of World War II. The historical centre was almost entirely destroyed and its churches and monuments were badly damaged. At the end of the war, the city was rebuilt, and became once again a popular tourist destination thanks to its religious, natural, cultural and sports attractions.

 

History

Medieval Bridge of Saint Francis

Medieval Bridge of Saint Francis

Built in Subiaco around 300 AD, the Medieval Bridge of Saint Francis is not far away from the convent of Saint Francis and spans across the Aniene river. The bridge is built in ochre “cardellino” stone and features a single 37 metres long and 20 metres tall arch, and a square…

Rocca of Borgias

Rocca of Borgias

The Rocca Abbaziale di Subiaco, better known as Rocca dei Borgia, was built towards the end of the 11th century by Abbot John V. The abbey was built on top of a hill for obvious defensive purposes and so that it could control the entire community of Subiaco. It was fortified and included a prison, a…

Villa di Nerone

Villa di Nerone

A vast portion of the territory surrounding Subiaco, an area rich in vegetation and comprised between the Taleo and Francolano Mountains down to the banks of the Aniene river: this is where emperor Nero had his Imperial Villa built in 60 AD. Its remains demonstrate that this area was already appreciated…